Cervical Cancer: Who’s at Risk
The huge majority of cervical cancers are either squamous cell carcinomas or adenocarcinomas.
“Therefore, girls that aren’t sexually active shouldn’t get those cancers.”
Munro states there are several other rare kinds of cervical cancer, like a neuroendocrine tumor, which might not be linked to HPV. In theory, there’s a possibility that these cancers may happen in women who haven’t had sexual intercourse. “But these are very rare,” Dr. Munro states. In any case, she adds, “Screening isn’t necessarily valuable for this kind of cervical cancer.”
Who’s a Suitable Candidate for Cervical Cancer Screening?
If cervical cancer is due to a sexually transmitted disease, is there some reason to run a cervical cancer screening by performing a Pap test on girls that are still virgins?
“It’s a small problem,” says Munro. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has recently published new cervical cancer screening guidelines advocating that girls begin getting Pap tests at age 21, irrespective of sexual history.
Why Cervical Cancer Screening Strategies Were Altered
The research cervical cancer screening has been transferred back to prevent the price and risk associated with unnecessary cervical cancer screenings. Though the speed of HPV is elevated in young sexually active women, cervical cancer is uncommon, because their youthful immune systems are often powerful enough to “clear” HPV infections and cervical abnormalities before they develop into cancer.
According to Munro, “The prevalence of cervical cancer is so low — it’s just like 1 or two a 1 million in teens — the odds of treating false positives [outcomes that state there is cancer when there is not] is greater. Adolescents also regularly clear pre-invasive cervical disorder in their since they’ve immune systems that are robust.” What is more, treating nasal congestion can sometimes cause complications in future pregnancies, therefore there’s some danger of screening for cervical cancer also premature.
It looks like the most important reason behind the age 21 begin, irrespective of sexual action, is because people aren’t always honest about their sexual customs. Munro says, “It can be hard for a supplier to make confident that they’re discovering a precise [record] of somebody’s sexual history.”
Preventing Cervical Cancer using all the HPV Vaccine
While cervical cancer screening might not be valuable in virgins, these girls are perfect candidates for your HPV vaccine, which has been developed to assist in preventing cervical cancer.
“Before the beginning of sexual activity is the very best time to have the vaccine for people who agree with it,” says Munro. This is due to the fact that the HPV vaccine helps protect girls from some kinds of HPV that can lead to cervical cancer, but it cannot heal a disease that’s already present.